Navigational Integration

For navigational integration, our measure captures the ability to  manage basic needs in a host country, such as seeing a doctor, addressing legal problems, and searching for jobs. The measure also tests knowledge of basic conventions in the host country: the typical way to pay income taxes, rules for driving, how to put an address on a letter, and how to appropriately seek medical help.

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Duncan Lawrence
Linguistic Integration

For linguistic integration, our measure captures respondents’ assessment of their ability to read, speak, write, and understand the dominant language of their host country or region.

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Duncan Lawrence
Social Integration

For social integration, our measure captures social ties and interactions with natives in the host country, as well as bridging social capital as evidenced by participation in organizations with fellow citizens.

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Duncan Lawrence
Political Integration

For political integration, our measure captures understanding of the important political issues facing the host country and the degree to which respondents engage in discussion and political action.

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Duncan Lawrence
Psychological Integration

For psychological integration, our measure captures respondents’ feeling of connection with the host country, their sense of belonging, their experiences of isolation from their host society, and  their wish to continue living there.

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Duncan Lawrence
Economic Integration

For economic integration, our measure captures income, employment, satisfaction with employment situation, and the ability to meet different levels of unexpected expenses.

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Duncan Lawrence